By Leo Trotzki
Die Theorie der permanenten Revolution bildete 1917 die strategische Grundlage der russischen Oktoberrevolution. Sechs Jahre später stand sie im Mittelpunkt der Angriffe auf die Linke competition, die sich der bürokratischen Entartung der Sowjetunion und dem Stalinismus widersetzte.
Die Theorie der permanenten Revolution geht auf Marx und Engels zurück. Auf ihrer Grundlage entwickelte der junge Leo Trotzki 1906 in „Ergebnisse und Perspektiven“ die zukünftige Strategie der Oktoberrevolution. Unter dem Titel „Die permanente Revolution“ verteidigte er sie 1928 gegen die stalinistischen Angriffe und Verfälschungen. Dieses Buch ist bis heute eine der aktuellsten Schriften der sozialistischen Bewegung.
Die vorliegende Ausgabe fasst beide Werke in einem Band zusammen.
By Andrew Kahn
fiction; an innovator in mental and ancient drama; and an beginner historian of great goal. Like Byron, whose writing and character have been an proposal to him, Pushkin had a sensational lifestyles, the stuff of Romantic legend. His writing treats the entire most vital subject matters that groovy literature
can addresss-the nature of identification, love and betrayal, independence and creativity, nature, the which means of existence, dying and the afterlife-in a chic sort and hugely own voice.
Lyric intelligence refers to Pushkin's capability to rework philosophical and aesthetic rules into poetry. Arguing that Pushkin's poetry has frequently been misunderstood as transparently uncomplicated, this primary significant learn of this massive physique of labor lines the interrelation among his writing and the impacts of English and ecu literature and cultural routine on his realizing of the artistic method and the goals of artwork. Andrew Kahn ways Pushkin's poetic texts via the
history of rules, and argues that during his poetry the clashes that topic will not be approximately stylistic innovation and style, as has frequently been advised. as a substitute the poems are proven to articulate various positions on key subject matters of the interval, together with the that means of originality, the mind's eye, the status
of the poet, the position of industrial good fortune, the definition of genius, represenation of nature, the definition of the hero, and the immortality of the soul.
Drawing on an intensive wisdom of Pushkin's library and his highbrow context, Pushkin's Lyric Intelligence addresses how theories of proposal expert Pushkin's pondering classicism and Romanticism within the 1820s and 1830s. the tale of the unfolding of the mind's eye as an important poetic strength and thought for Pushkin is a constant topic of the whole booklet. it really is this stream in the direction of a fuller apprehension and alertness of the mind's eye because the key poetic strength that
guided Pushkin's transitions via various stages of his artistic improvement. The publication seems on the intersection of Pushkin's wisdom of vital rules and inventive tendencies with poems concerning the inventive mind's eye, psychology, intercourse and the physique, heroism and the moral lifestyles, and death.
By Vitali Silitski,Jan Zaprudnik
The A to Z of Belarus—through its chronology, introductory essays, appendixes, map, bibliography, and hundreds and hundreds of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important folks, locations, occasions, and associations and important political, fiscal, social, and cultural aspects—traces Belarus' background and offers a compass for the path the rustic is heading.
By Marina Frolova-Walker,Jonathan Walker
The publication not just presents an in depth and nuanced depiction of the early Soviet musical panorama, yet brings it to lifestyles by way of giving voice to the prime actors and commentators of the day. the colourful public discourse on song is gifted via a variety of press articles, stories and manifestos, all provided with considerable remark. those myriad assets supply a brand new context for our realizing of Shostakovich, Prokofiev and Myaskovsky, whereas additionally exhibiting how Western track was once obtained within the USSR. This, even though, is barely part the tale. the opposite part emerges from the non-public dimensionof this cultural upheaval, traced during the letters, diaries and memoirs left by means of composers and different significant avid gamers within the song international. those fabrics handle the ideals, motivations and activities of the Russian musical intelligentsia through the painful interval in their adjustment to the altering calls for of the recent state.
whereas following the twists and turns of authentic rules on music,the authors additionally supply their very own reasons for the results. The e-book bargains unheard of entry to fundamental assets which were unavailable in English, or which lay unknown on archival shelves.Music and Soviet Power bargains cultural heritage instructed via files - either vibrant and consultant - with an intensive statement and annotation all through.
MARINA FROLOVA-WALKER is Reader in song background on the college of Cambridge and Fellow of Clare collage, Cambridge; JONATHAN WALKER, who has a PhD in Musicology, is a contract author, instructor and pianist.
By David Alan Rich
In this amazing examine, David wealthy demonstrates how the modernization of Russia's basic employees through the moment 1/2 the 19th century reshaped its highbrow and strategic outlook and built the workers to play a powerful, and from time to time dominant, position in shaping Russian international policy.
Rich weaves jointly a number of degrees of narrative to teach how the more and more refined, medical, and positivistic paintings attitudes and behavior of the final employees acculturated more youthful officials, redefining their dating with, and obligations to, the kingdom. In time, this new new release of officials projected their attribute notions onto the country and onto autocracy itself; specialist trouble for the protection of the kingdom eclipsed conventional unquestioning loyalty to the regime. wealthy is going directly to convey how divergence among diplomatic and army goals between these answerable for making procedure expense the nation dearly when it comes to monetary balance and foreign standing.
The writer helps his findings with unique study in Russian overseas coverage and army records and vast interpreting in released resources. The Tsar's Colonels contributes to a few debates in Russian army and social background and provides new insights at the structural roots of the nice warfare, and at the theoretical difficulties of modernization and professionalization.
By Piotr Olender
By Maria Bochkareva,Paul E. Richardson,Isaac Don Levin
By Svetlana Aleksiévitx,Marta Rebón
Aleksiévitx emfatitza —amb raó— que aquest no és pas un llibre sobre Txernòbil, sinó sobre les conseqüències de Txernòbil, sobre gent que viu en una nova realitat que encara no ha estat entesa. Aquells que visqueren Txernòbil són els supervivents de los angeles Tercera Guerra Mundial. En aquest món hostil «tot sembla completament common, el mal s'amaga rere una nova màscara, hom no pot veure'l, sentir-lo, tocar-lo o olorar-lo. Qualsevol cosa pot matar-te — l'aigua, el sòl, una poma, l. a. pluja. El nostre diccionari està desfasat. No hello ha encara paraules ni sentiments according to descriure'l».
Les nostres edicions de les obres de Svetlana Aleksiévitx estan enriquides amb notes a peu de página—gairebé un centenar a Temps de segona mà. l. a. fi de l'home roig—, una cronologia i un epíleg de Ferran Mateo i Marta Rebón que contextualitza l'obra de l'autora dins el seu marc cultural, social i polític.
By Jonathan Haslam
in cryptography, disinformation, particular forces, and counter-intelligence.
In a sad irony, a firm that so casually disposed of others significantly depended upon the human issue. as a result of their lack of understanding and technology, from early at the Soviets have been compelled to depend seriously on mystery brokers rather than the extra refined code-breaking suggestions of different intelligence organizations. yet during this they have been hugely profitable, recruiting undercover agent jewelry corresponding to the notorious 'Cambridge 5' within the Nineteen Thirties. Had it now not been for Soviet espionage against
Britain's code-breaking attempt in the course of the moment global struggle, Stalin may well by no means have received the victory that later enabled him to dominate half Europe. equally, espionage directed at his allies enabled the Soviets to construct an atomic bomb prior to anticipated and to take calculated hazards in post-war
diplomacy, akin to his audacious blockade of Berlin which ended in the Berlin Airlift.
Khrushchev's denunciation of Stalin in 1956 alienated the various overseas 'friends' so valued by means of the Soviet intelligence companies. It additionally made new recruitment of international brokers even more tricky, because the USSR quickly misplaced its glamour and ideological entice strength supporters within the West throughout the Nineteen Fifties. even if, the distance was once eventually bridged via exploiting grasping and disloyal Western intelligence officials, utilizing blackmail and bribery - and with nice luck. in reality, it used to be the
ultimate irony that the KGB and GRU had by no means been more advantageous than while the Soviet Union started to cave in from within.
By AA. VV.,Marco Buttino
These essays take an in-depth examine particular circumstances – Samarkand, Sarajevo, Berlin, Almaty, and others – to supply a fancy photograph of the alterations affecting the post-communist city.